AskDefine | Define oca

Dictionary Definition

oca n : South American wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers [syn: oka, Oxalis tuberosa, Oxalis crenata]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

oca
  1. A Peruvian name for certain species of Oxalis (O. crenata, and O. tuberosa) which bear edible tubers.

Noun

oca

Crimean Tatar

Noun

oca

Synonyms

Italian

Etymology

Late Latin *avica from classical Latin avis

Pronunciation

  • [ˈɔka]

Noun

  1. goose

Romanian

Etymology

From turkish ''okka.

Noun

  1. weight of about three pounds
  2. liquid measure of about three pints

Declension

Extensive Definition

The oca or oka is a perennial plant grown in the central and southern Andes for its starchy edible tuber, used as a root vegetable. Its leaves and young shoots can be eaten as a green vegetable as well. Introduced to Europe in 1830 as a competitor to the potato and to New Zealand as early as 1860, it has become popular in that country under the name New Zealand yam and is now a common table vegetable.
The oca is one of the important staple crops of the Andean highlands, second only to the potato due to its easy propagation, and tolerance for poor soil, high altitude and harsh climates.
The flavor is slightly tangy, and texture ranges from crunchy (like a carrot) when undercooked, to starchy or mealy when fully cooked. Though the original Andean varieties are widely variable in color from purple to yellow, the standard NZ variety is a fleshy pink.
Ocas need a long growing season, and are day length dependent, forming tubers when the day length shortens in the fall. In areas with harsh winter climates, the cold weather that accompanies shorter days may kill the plant before tubers have a chance to form. Likewise in tropical areas where the days are uniformly longer, the oca will not set a crop successfully, since the days are never short enough.
Ocas are fairly high in oxalates, concentrated in the skin, and traditional Andean preparation methods were geared towards reducing the oxalate level of the harvested vegetable. This is done by exposure to sunlight which increases the glucose content and sweet taste of the oca. Recent oca cultivars have a lower oxalate content, and have also been selected for more flexibility in day lengths.
The oca can be prepared like most root vegetables by being boiled, baked or fried. In the Andes it is part of stews and soups; served like potatoes or can be served as a sweet. Oca is eaten raw in Mexico with salt, lemon and hot pepper.

Alternative names

References

  • Davidson, Alan. Oxford Companion to Food (1999). "Oca", p. 547 ISBN 0-19-211579-0

Trivia

Most New Zealanders know the oca simply as the yam—the true yam being generally very uncommon there. commons Oxalis tuberosa
oca in Aymara: Apilla
oca in German: Knolliger Sauerklee
oca in Spanish: Oxalis tuberosa
oca in French: Oca du Pérou
oca in Italian: Oxalis tuberosa
oca in Lithuanian: Gumbinis kiškiakopūstis
oca in Dutch: Oca
oca in Quechua: Uqa
oca in Swedish: Oca
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